Editoral de Madame Corinne Breuzé, Ambassadeur de France, et de son homologue Péruvien, Roberto Seminario [id]
|Climate action as a way to maximize economic development|
In six months, the States Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) will gather again in Paris. This twenty-first round of annual talks, also known as COP21, willbe a defining moment, as it is the deadline that all countries of the world have agreed upon to reach a universal and ambitious climate agreement with a view to limiting global warming from pre-industrial era under 2 degrees Celsius.These 2 degrees are the limit that scientists have recommended us not to cross, if we want to avoid the most catastrophic impacts of climate disruption. These impacts have already been badly affectingall countries, including Indonesia, and could become even more severe should the international community fail to put the world back on track of this maximum temperature increase.
We, Ambassadors of Peru and France, the current and incoming Presidencies of the climate talks, in line with the Lima-Paris Action Agenda, believe that all governments must be committed to fighting climate change. It is apparent that this 2-degreemaximum increase has no chance to be achieved without boldcompromises and the contribution of all parties.In this regard, back in 2009, Indonesia announced ambitious mitigation targets for 2020, based on a business-as-usual model. The country has been commended for these commitments that are in the process of being achieved, which reflects a clear disposition to continue these efforts with a scope beyond the year 2020. In this regard, we look very much forward to the submissionof the INDC (“intended nationally determined contribution”) from all countries, including Indonesia, and hope they will be as ambitious as possible. May we also stress that Indonesia is for both of us, Peru and France, a source of inspiration, as it has very successfully presided over the COP13 in Bali seven years ago. By bringing forward positions based on pragmatism rather than ideology, Indonesian diplomacy has always been playing in the climate negotiations a pro-active role that helped bridgingdifferent points of views.
This said, we believe that the “road to Paris” should be a path that, while aiming precise climate change objectives, fully converges with efforts and commitments for sustainable development, processes which are deeply interlinked. In addition to being a legal and moral obligation for our future generations, the transition to a low-carbon economy constitutestoday a fantastic opportunity for economic growth and responsible development, fueled by change and innovation.In other words, by no means does the fight against climate disruption contradict the economic development goal : on the contrary, energy efficiency policies and a shift towards both low-carbon and climate-resilient economies bring ultimately many benefits to our populations, in particular to the most vulnerable, who suffer the most from the effects of climate disruption.In this regard, we compliment Indonesia’s approach in integrating climate change with national development programs. Specifying a target for renewable energies, tackling deforestation seriously, caring for sustainable fisheries resources and engaging for connected and “green” cities constitute positive initiatives that Indonesia could share to the world.
These are but a few examples showingthat being pro-climate and pro-environment, to a large extent,shares the same spirit of being pro-economy and pro-poor.We believe that the legitimate aspirations for development and prosperity should no longer rely on a purely carbon-consuming model, since this would only lead to help endanger our own species. The current challenge of our Governments is to pursue a low-carbon economy, consistent with the principle of common but differentiated responsibilities and respective capacities, in light of different national circumstances.
We are optimistic that the text agreed in Paris at the end of the year will definitely build momentum to accelerate this transformation, through a balanced, ambitious and durable universal compromise, which will only be possible with the engagement of all stakeholders.
Wrote by Mrs. Corinne Breuzé, Ambassador of France in Indonesia, and Roberto Hernan Seminario Portocarrero, Ambassador of Peru in Indonesia.